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Are you experiencing constant pain and/or stiffness in one of the following body parts: shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, or ankle? If you are, then you may be suffering from joint degeneration. 

Simply put, a joint is an area in the body where two or more bones meet. There are roughly 300 joints in the body! The joints that we are most familiar with, and rely on for mobility, are classified as synovial joints. The most commonly damaged subtypes of synovial joints include the ball-and-socket joint (i.e.: the shoulder and hip joints) and the hinge joint (i.e.: the elbow, knee, and ankle joints). 

The causes for joint damage include, but are not limited to, “wear/tear”, trauma, or inflammatory conditions resulting in cartilage loss. In addition to pain and stiffness, symptoms may include swelling, sensitivity to cold temperature, and crepitus (a “clicking”/ “grating” sensation). Joint disease can also impair mobility, making movement, activities, and hobbies challenging to perform. The symptoms and limitations of joint damage can significantly impact quality of life. 

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, schedule a medical evaluation with OrthoNorcal Orthopedic Specialists to determine the appropriate treatment plan for you. Our surgeons, who have specialized training and experience in joint disease and injuries, will thoroughly evaluate and educate you on your diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan while providing exceptional follow-up care.

Depending on your overall health and the severity of your symptoms, a total joint replacement may be recommended. Conservative treatment, such as weight loss, non-steroidal medications, corticosteroid injections or physical therapy, may be recommended prior to surgery.

Total joint replacements involve the removal and replacement of a diseased joint with a prosthesis. The most commonly replaced joints include the shoulder, hip, and knee. The artificial joint is designed to function as a healthy joint. The benefits of a joint replacement are long-lasting and include restored mobility and pain relief. There is a low risk for infection, blood clots, nerve injury, or cardiovascular events associated with a total joint replacement. To ensure your safety prior to surgery, our surgeons require you to undergo a thorough preoperative screening process.

If you have already undergone a joint replacement and are experiencing an infection, pain, or instability at that site, a revision joint replacement may be necessary. OrthoNorcal’s Orthopedic Specialists utilize durable and enhanced implants, less invasive surgical techniques (i.e.: anterior hip replacement), and robotic assistance to provide better outcomes and quicker recovery times.


Low impact exercises (yoga, cycling, water aerobics)

  • Maintain a healthy weight to relieve pressure off of joints.
  • Apply heat to joint before initiating exercise, move gently and slowly, ice joint after exercise.
  • Physical Activity for Arthritis

Avoid alcohol consumption and smoking

Conservative Treatment Options

Intraarticular shoulder injections

X-ray Guided Hip Injections

Intra-articular Knee Injections

Total Joint Rehabilitation (post-surgery)

Shoulder Rehabilitation

Hip rehabilitation

  • American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
  • American Association for Hand Surgery
  • American Academy Of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • The American Board of Pediatrics
  • North American Spine Society
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