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Foot & Ankle

  • Hallux Rigidus

    Introduction Hallux rigidus is a degenerative arthritis that affects the large joint at the base of the big toe (Fig.1). Degenerative arthritis results from wear and tear on the joint surface over time. The condition may also follow an injury to the joint

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  • Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Ankle

    Introduction Osteochondritis dissecans is a condition that causes ankle pain and stiffness (Fig. 1). Osteochondritis dissecans can affect all age groups and usually follows a twisting injury to the ankle such as an ankle sprain. Osteochondritis dissecans

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  • Plantar Fasciitis

    Introduction Plantar fasciitis, sometimes called a heel spur, is a condition that causes pain on the bottom of the heel when putting weight on the foot. There can be many underlying causes of heel pain, and sometimes finding the precise reason for the pain

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  • Achilles Tendonitis and Achilles Tendon Rupture

    Introduction Problems that affect the Achilles tendon (Fig. 1) are common among active middle-aged people. These problems cause pain at the back of the calf and may result in a rupture of the Achilles tendon in severe cases.

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  • Claw Toes and Hammertoes

    Introduction Claw toe and hammertoe conditions are fairly common in cultures that wear shoes. In most cases, these problems can be traced directly to ill-fitting shoes. Anatomy The four smaller toes of each foot contain three bones (phalanges) and three

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  • Haglund’s Deformity

    Introduction Sometimes the shape of a bone can cause problems in the foot. One example of this is Haglund’s deformity, a condition caused by a prominent bump on the back of the heel. Anatomy The heel bone (calcaneus) is the largest bone of the foot.

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  • Potential Complications Following Ankle Replacement Surgery

    Most surgeons will recommend that you remain on crutches or a walker for 10-12 weeks following the replacement of the ankle with an artificial ankle joint. X-rays will be taken several times after your surgery to make sure that the artificial joint

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  • Ankle Sprain and Instability

    Introduction An ankle sprain is a common injury and usually results when the ankle is twisted, or turned in (inverted). The term sprain signifies an injury to the soft tissues, usually the ligaments, of the ankle. Anatomy Ligaments are tough bands

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  • Accessory Navicular Problems

    Introduction Not everyone has the same number of bones in his feet. It is not uncommon for both the hands and the feet to contain extra small accessory bones, or ossicles, that sometimes cause problems. Anatomy The accessory navicular

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  • Following Ankle Replacement Surgery

    Recovery Room When the procedure is completed, your surgeon will contact your family and friends to update them on your surgery. You will awaken after surgery in the post-anesthesia recovery room, probably feeling as though you were only away from your...

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